Publications

Provided here is a list of the core publications covering some of the methodologies used in the Slow the Spread of the Gypsy Moth Project. Also included are some papers that provide a history of gypsy moth in North America, and others that provide a conceptual base, scientific rational, and/or ramifications of various strategies of gypsy moth management. Key methodology papers include those authored by Sharov et al. representing many of the elements of slowing the spread of gypsy moth. Also, see the overview paper entitled "Slow the Spread: a national program to contain the gypsy moth". Many of the papers are in Adobe PDF format - you will need the free Adobe Reader to view these files.

( A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z )

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Bigsby, K.M., M.J. Ambrose, P.C. Tobin, E.O. Sills 2014. The cost of gypsy moth sex in the city. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 13: 459-468.
Bigsby, K.M., P.C. Tobin, E.O. Sills 2006. Anthropogenic drivers of gypsy moth spread. Biological Invasions. 13: 2077-2090.
Blackburn, L.M., D.S. Leonard and P.C. Tobin 2011. The Use of Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki for Managing Gypsy Moth Populations under the Slow the Spread Program, 1996-2010, Relative to the Distributional Range of Threatened and Endangered Species. USDA For. Serv. Northern Res. Stat. Res. Paper NRS-18.
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Contarini, Mario, K.S. Onufrieva, K.W. Thorpe, K.F. Raffa and P.C.Tobin. 2009. Mate-finding failure as an important cause of Allee effects along the leading edge of an invading insect population. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 133(3):307-314.
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Frank, K.L., P.C. Tobin, H.W. Thistle Jr. and L.S. Kalkstein. 2013. Interpretation of gypsy moth frontal advance using meteorology in a conditional algorithm. Int. J. Biometerology 57:459-473.
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Gribko Linda S, Liebhold AM, and Hohn ME. 1995. Model to predict gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) defoliation using kriging and logistical analysis. Environmental Entomology. 24(3): 529-537.
 
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Johnson, D.M., Liebhold, A.M., Tobin, P.C. and Bjornstad, O. 2006. Allee effect and pulsed invasion by the gypsy moth. Nature. 444|16: 361-363.
 
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Leonard, D. S. and A. A. Sharov. 1995. Slow the Spread project update: developing a process for evaluation. Pp. 82-85. In: Proceedings. U.S. Dep. Agric. interagency gypsy moth research forum 1995. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-213.
Leonhardt, B. A., V. C. Mastro, D. S. Leonard, W. McLane, R. C. Reardon, and K. W. Thorpe. 1996. Control of low-density gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) populations by mating disruption with pheromone. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 22: 1255-1272.
Leuschner, W. A., J. A. Young, S. A. Walden, and F. W. Ravlin. 1996. Potential benefits of slowing the gypsy moth's spread. Southern Journal of Applied. Forestry. 20: 65-73.
Liebhold, A. and M. McManus. 1999. The evolving use of insecticides in gypsy moth management. Journal of Forestry. 97: 20-23.
Liebhold, A. M. and P. C. Tobin. 2006. Growth of newly established alien populations: comparison of North American gypsy moth colonies with invasion theory. Special Feature: Population Ecology of Biological Invasions, Population Ecology 48: 253-262.
Liebhold, A., V. Mastro, and Paul W. Schaefer. 1989. Learning from the legacy of Leopold Trouvelot. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am. 35: 20-21.
Liebhold, A. M., K. W. Gottschalk D. A. Mason, R. R. Bush. 1997. Evaluation of Forest Susceptibility to the Gypsy Moth across the Conterminous United States. J. Forestry. 95: 20-24.
Liebhold, A. M., K. W. Gottschalk, E. R. Luzader, D. A. Mason, R. Bush and D. B. Twardus. 1997. Gypsy moth in the United States: An Atlas. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NE-233. 33 pp.
Libehold Andrew M. 1992. Are North American populations of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) bimodal? Environmental Entomology, 21: 221-229.
Liebhold Andrew M, Halverson JA, and Elmes GA. 1992. Gypsy moth invasion in North America: a quantitative analysis. Journal of Biogeography, 19(5): 513-520.
Liebhold Andrew M, Luzader E, Reardon R, Bullard A, Roberts A, Ravlin W, Delost S, and Spears B. 1996. Use of a geographic information system to evaluate regional treatment effects in a gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) management program. Journal of Economic Entomology. 89(5): 1192-1203.
Liebhold Andrews M, Macdonald W. L., Bergdahl D., and Mastro V. C. 1995. Invasion by exotic forest pests: a threat to forest ecosystems. Forest Science Monographs. 30, 49p.
Liebhold Andrew M, Rossi RE, and Kemp WP. 1993. Geostatistics and geographic information systems in applied insect ecology. Annual Review of Entomology. 38: 303-327.
Liebhold Andrew M, Luzader E, Reardon R, Bullard A, Roberts A, Ravlin W, Delost S, and Spears B. 1996. Use of a geographic information system to evaluate regional treatment effects in a gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) management program. Journal of Economic Entomology. 89(5): 1192-1203.
Liebhold Andrew M, Luzader E, Reardon R, Roberts A, Ravlin FW, Sharov A, and Zhou G. 1998. Forecasting gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) defoliation with a geographical information system. Journal of Economic Entomology. 91(2): 464-472.
Liebhold Andrew M, Elkinton J, Williams D, and Muzika RM. 2000. What causes outbreaks of the gypsy moth in North America? Population Ecology. 42:257-266.
 
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Mayo, J. H., T. J. Straka, R. D. Hedden, and D. S. Leonard. 1997. Projections of costs and benefits associated with an operational STS strategy. In Proc. 1996 Annual Gypsy Moth Review (Annapolis, Md.; Nov. 18-21, 1996) 134-135.
Mayo, J. H., T. J. Straka, R. L. Hedden, and D. S. Leonard. The cost of monitoring the spread of gypsy moth in the eastern United States: R. A. Kluender M. M. Corrigan N. B. Smith. Valuing non-timber forest resources: timber primacy is passeâ™. Proceedings 1997 Southern Forest Economics Workers Meeting. Little Rock, AR 19-21 March 1997. 108-113.
Mayo, J. H., T. J. Straka, and D. S. Leonard. 2003. The Cost of Slowing the Spread of the Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. Vol. 96, No. 5, pp. 1448-1454.
McFadden, M. W. and M. E. McManus. 1991. An insect out of control? The potential for spread and establishment of the gypsy moth in new forest areas in the United States. Pages 172-186 in Y. N. Baranchikov, W. J. Mattson, F. P. Hain, and T. L. Payne, eds. Forest insect guilds: patterns of interaction with host trees. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE 153.
McManus, M. L. and T. McIntyre. 1981. Introduction. Pages 1-7 in C. C. Doane and M. L. McManus, eds. The gypsy moth: research toward integrated pest management. U.S. Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 1584.
 
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Onufrieva, K. S., K. W. Thorpe, A.D. Hickman, D.S. Leonard, E.A. Roberts, P.C. Tobin. 2013. Persistence of the Gypsy Moth Pheromone, Disparlure in the Environment in Various Climates. Insects 4: 104-116.
   
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Reardon, R. C. 1991. Appalachian gypsy-moth integrated pest-management project. For. Ecol. and Manage. 39: 107-112.
Reardon, R. C., D. S. Leonard, V. C. Mastro, B. A. Leonhardt, W. McLane, S. Talley, K. Thorpe, and R. Webb. 1998. Using mating disruption to manage gypsy moth: a review. USDA Forest Service FHTET-98-01. 85 pp.
Régnière Jacques, and Sharov AA. 1998. Phenology of Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) male flight and the effect of moth dispersal in heterogeneous landscapes. International Journal of Biometeorology, 41: 161-168.
Régnière Jacques, and Sharov AA. 1999. Simulating temperature-dependent ecological processes at the sub-continental scale: male gypsy moth flight phenology as an example. International Journal of Biometeorology, 42: 146-152.
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Schweitzer Dale F. 2004. Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar): Impacts and Options for Biodiversity-Oriented Land Managers. 59 pages. NatureServe: Arlington, Virginia.
Sharov Alexei A, Roberts EA, Liebhold AM, and Ravlin FW. 1995. Gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) spread in the central Appalachians: three methods for species boundary estimation. Environmental Entomology. 24(6): 1529-1538.
Sharov Alexei A, Liebhold AM, and Ravlin FW. 1995. Prediction of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) mating success from pheromone trap counts. Environmental Entomology. 24(5): 1239-1244.
Sharov Alexei A, Liebhold AM, and Roberts EA. 1996. Methods for monitoring the spread of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) populations in the Appalachian Mountains. Journal of Economic Entomology. 90(5): 1259-1266.
Sharov Alexei A, Liebhold AM, and Roberts EA. 1996. Spatial variation among counts of gypsy moths (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in pheromone-baited traps at expanding population fronts. Environmental Entomology. 25(6): 1312-1320.
Sharov Alexei A, Liebhold AM, and Roberts EA. 1996. Spread of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in the central Appalachians: comparison of population boundaries obtained from male moth capture, egg mass counts, and defoliation records. Environmental Entomology. 25(4): 783-792.
Sharov Alexei A, and Colbert JJ. 1996. A model for testing hypotheses of gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar L., population dynamics. Ecological Modelling. 84: 31-51.
Sharov Alexei A. 1996. Modelling forest insect dynamics. In Caring for the forest: research in a changing world. E. Korpilahti, H. Mukkela and T. Salonen (eds.). Congress report. Vol. II. IUFRO XX World Congress. Gummerus Printing, Jyvaskyla, Finland.
Sharov Alexei A, Liebhold AM, and Roberts EA. 1997. Correlation of counts of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in pheromone traps with landscape characteristics. Forest Science. 43(4): 483-490.
Sharov Alexei A, and Liebhold AM. 1998. Model of slowing the spread of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) with a barrier zone. Ecological Applications. 8(4): 1170-1179.
Sharov Alexei A, and Liebhold AM. 1998. Bioeconomics of managing the spread of exotic pest species with barrier zones. Ecological Applications. 8(3): 833-845.
Sharov Alexei A, and Liebhold AM. 1998. Quantitative analysis of gypsy moth spread in the central Appalachians. In Population and Community Ecology for Insect Management and Conservation, Baumärtner et al. (eds.), Balkema, Rotterdam.
Sharov Alexei A, Liebhold AM, and Roberts EA. 1998. Optimizing the use of barrier zones to slow the spread of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in North America. Journal of Economic Entomology. 91(1): 165-174.
Sharov Alexei A, Pijanowski BC, Liebhold AM, and Gage SH. 1999. What affects the rate of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) spread: winter temperature or forest susceptibility? Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 1: 37-45.
Sharov Alexei A, Leonard D, Liebhold AM, and Clemens NS. 2002. Evaluation of preventative treatments in low-density gypsy moth populations using pheromone traps. Journal of Economic Entomology. 95(6): 1205-1215.
Sharov Alexei A, Leonard D, Liebhold AM, Roberts EA, and Dickerson W. 2002. Slow the spread: a national program to contain the gypsy moth. Journal of Forestry. 100(5): 30-35.
Sills, Erin 2008. Assessment of the Economic Feasibility of the Gypsy Moth Slow the Spread Project. Final Report to USDA Forest Service State & Private Forestry Grant #NC-06-DG-11244225-337. 72 pp.
 
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Tcheslavskaia Ksenia S., Thorpe K., Hickman, A., Leonard D., Mastro, V. and A. Roberts. 2008. Gypsy moth mating disruption in open landscapes. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 10, 175-179.
Tcheslavskaia Ksenia S., Brewster C., Thorpe K., Sharov A., Leonard D. and A. Roberts. 2005. Effects of intentional gaps in spray coverage on the efficacy of gypsy moth mating disruption. J. Appl. Entomol. 129 (9/10), 475-480.
Tcheslavskaia Ksenia S., Thorpe K. , Brewster C., Sharov A., Leonard D., Reardon R., Mastro V., Sellers P. and Roberts EA. 2005. Optimization of pheromone dosage for gypsy moth mating disruption. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 115: 355–361.
Thorpe, K. W., Hickman, A.D., Tcheslavskaia, K.S., Leonard, D.S., Roberts, E.A. 2007. Comparison of methods for deploying female gypsy moths to evaluate mating disruption treatments. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9: 31-37.
Thorpe, K. W., Tcheslavskaia, K.S., Tobin. P.C., Blackburn, L.M., Leonard, D.S., Roberts, E.A. 2007. Persistent effects of aerial applications of disparlure on gypsy moth trap catch and mating success. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 125: 223-229.
Thorpe, K. W., D. S. Leonard, V. C. Mastro, W. McLane, R. C. Reardon, P. Sellers, R. E. Webb, and S. E. Talley. 2000. Effectiveness of gypsy moth mating disruption from aerial applications of plastic laminate flakes with and without a sticking agent. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 2: 225-231.
Thorpe, K. W., R. Reardon, K. Tcheslavskaia, D. Leonard, and V. Mastro. 2006. A review of the use of mating disruption to manage gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.). FHTET-2006-13. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. 76 p.
Thorpe, K. W., V. C. Mastro, D. S. Leonard, B. A. Leonhardt, W. McLane, R. C. Reardon, and S. E. Talley. 1999. Comparative efficacy of two controlled-release gypsy moth mating disruption formulations. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 90: 267-277.
Tobin, P.C., D.R. Gray, and A. M. Liebhold. 2014. Supraoptimal temperatures influence the range dynamics of a non-native insect. Diversity and Distributions, 20:813–823.
Tobin, P.C., J.L. Bolyard, K.S. Onufrieva, and A.D. Hickman. 2014. The Effect of Male and Female Age on Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Fecundity. J. of Ecology and Behavior, 107(3):1076–1083.
Tobin, P.C., K.S. Onufrieva, and K.W. Thorpe. 2013. The relationship between male moth density and female mating success in invading populations of Lymantria dispar. Entomologia Expeimentalis et Applicata, p.103-111.
Tobin, P.C., L.M. Blackburn, R.H. Gray, C.T. Lettau, A.M. Liebhold, and K.F. Raffa. 2013. Using delimiting surveys to characterize the spatiotemporal dynamics facilitates the management of an invasive non-native insect. Population Ecology, 55:545-555.
Tobin, P. C., B. B. Baib, D. A. Eggen, and D. S. Leonard. 2012. The ecology, geopolitics, and economics of managing Lymantria dispar in the United States, International Journal of Pest Management, 58(3):195–210.
Tobin, P. C., C. Robinet, D.M. Johnson, S.L. Whitmire, O.N. Bjornstad, and A.M. Liebhold. 2009. The role of Allee effects in gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.), invasions , Population Ecology, 51:373–384.
Tobin, P. C., K.T. Klein and D.S. Leonard. 2009. Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Flight Behavior and Phenology Based on Field-Deployed Automated Pheromone-Baited Traps , Environmental Entomology, 38(6):1555–1562.
Tobin, P. C. 2008. Cost analysis and biological ramifications for implementing the gypsy moth Slow the Spread Program, Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-37. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station.. 21p.
Tobin, P. C., and L.M. Blackburn 2008. Long-Distance Dispersal of the Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Facilitated Its Initial Invasion of Wisconsin, Environmental Entomology, 37(1): 87-93.
Tobin, P. C., A. A. Sharov, A. M. Liebhold, D. S. Leonard, E. A. Roberts, and M. R. Learn. 2004. Management of the gypsy moth through a decision algorithm under the Slow the Spread Project. Feature Article, The American Entomologist. 50: 200-209.
Tobin, P. C., A. Zhang, K. Onufrieva, and D.S. Leonard. 2011. Field Evaluation of Effect of Temperature on Release of Disparlure From a Pheromone-Baited Trapping System Used to Monitor Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 104(4): 1265-1271.
Tobin, P. C., A. M. Liebhold, and E. A. Roberts. 2007. Comparison of methods for estimating the spread of a non-indigenous species. Journal of Biogeography 34: 305-312.
Tobin, P. C. and Laura M. Blackburn, eds. 2007. Slow the Spread: a national program to manage the gypsy moth. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-6. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 109 p.
Tobin, P. C. and S. L. Whitmire. 2005. Spread of gypsy moth and its relationship to defoliation. Environmental Entomology 34: 1448-1455.
Tobin, P. C., S. L. Whitmire, D. M. Johnson, O. N. Bjørnstad, and A. M. Liebhold. 2007. Invasion speed is affected by geographic variation in the strength of Allee effects. Ecology Letters 10: 36-43.
 
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United States Department of Agriculture. 1995. Gypsy Moth Management in the United States: a cooperative approach. Final Environmental Impact Statement.
 
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Vercken, E., A.M. Kramer, P.C. Tobin and J.M. Drake. 2011. Critical patch size generated by Allee effect in gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar(L). Ecology Letters. 14:179-186.
 
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Weigel, D. R. and T. Dempsey. 2009. Monitoring Gypsy Moth Pheromone Flake Canopy Through-Fall. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. 118(1):76-80.
Whitmire, S. L. and P. C. Tobin. 2006. Persistence of invading gypsy moth colonies in the United States. Oecologia 147: 230-237.

 


   
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